March 21, 2021
What’s up with the Movement?
Brother, you, yourself, your spirit became the Movement. We did everything in your honor–more than 170 actions.
In all ways
All Amor for Alex Nieto
Your Servant of Spirit and Sincerity,
Ben Bac Sierra
On this seventh anniversary of Alex Nieto’s killing, find strength and goodness in all of our Amor. You can use this comprehensive list of actions, links, videos, and photos as proof of the power of Amor. Scroll through it, and you will understand more than any educational text. Share it and use it to understand the entire system, to appreciate our resilience, and to inspire others to critical consciousness and courage. Share this for strategy purposes, and use it as a basis to write educational essays, poems, and books, and to share love with each other, exactly as Alex Nieto would have wanted it.
If I have missed a major action, I apologize and ask that you please send me the date and any relevant links, photos, videos, or articles of the Amor for Alex Nieto event. Thank you.
AMOR FOR ALEX ACTIONS: THE MOVEMENT TIMELINE WITH OFFICIAL EVIDENCE: TEXT, PHOTOS, LINKS, VIDEOS, ARTICLES, ART, ETC.
March 21: At 7:18 p.m. on Bernal Heights, San Francisco, Alex Nieto Killed by SFPD. Against the violence and injustice of 59 bullets, family and grassroots community arose as a movement to promote the positive spirit and defend the honor of a beloved young man, Alex Nieto, who was killed by the police.
March 24: Vigil, community mobilizes.
March 25: Community Townhall at Leonard Flynn Elementary School, Hundreds attend, SFPD Chief Suhr tells false narrative of Alex Nieto’s death. Nina Parks records:
March 29: First March from Mission Cultural Center to Bernal Heights, thousands attend, hundreds of police in riot gear attempt to intimidate the community.
April 1: Alex Nieto funeral. Community members literally pick up shovels and bury Alex Nieto at Holy Cross Cemetery, Colma.
April 2: Jesus Barraza creates first Alex Nieto Art Image: I am Alex Nieto and My Life Matters.
April 3: Amor for Alex Nieto Movement shuts down SF Police Commission Meeting.
April 4: El Toro Nightclub Benefit for Alex Nieto.
April 7: KPFA Interview between Davey D. Cook and Benjamin Bac Sierra: Amor for Alex Nieto created to battle mainstream media.
April 8: KPFA’s “La Raza Chronicles.”
April 12: Amor for Alex Nieto Movement speaks at San Francisco Mission Cesar Chavez Parade.
April 14: KPOO Interview
April 15: San Francisco Examiner runs front page coverage of Alex Nieto movement on front steps of City Hall demanding investigation. https://www.sfexaminer.com/news/family-of-man-killed-by-sf-police-prepares-to-sue-the-city-claims-the-shooting-was-unjustified/
April 21: First “Burritos on Bernal Heights” community meeting to honor Alex Nieto. This will be held every month on the 21st for four years.
May 4: Cinco de Mayo John O’Connell High School lowriders honor Alex Nieto.
May 5: Amor for Alex Nieto Movement petitions (with thousands of signatures) D.A. Gascon to investigate criminal charges against officers who killed Alex Nieto.
May 21: Burritos on Bernal Heights.
May 24 and 25: Carnaval: Amor for Alex Barrio Bushido Booth and March and Lowrider cruise through parade with images of Alex Nieto.
June 21: Burritos on Bernal Heights Community Meeting.
June 23: National Public Radio contacts Amor for Alex Nieto to cover Alex Nieto movement on Latino USA.
July 19: Brava Theater show “Love Balm for My Spirit Child” donates all proceeds to Amor for Alex Nieto Movement.
July 21: Burritos on Bernal Heights Community Meeting.
July 22: Amor for Alex Nieto responds to vandals destroying community memorial in honor of Alex Nieto.
August 9: The East Side Story and Chicano Soul Show at the Mission Cultural Center for Latino Arts on Mission Street between 24th and 25th Streets: lowrider cars, photos, paintings, and more. The Amor for Alex Nieto Committee distributed literature for the August 22nd Alex Nieto Rises! March and offered an embrace con mucho carino to all of the community.
August 11: Amor for Alex Nieto Movement disseminates literature on the streets for the Alex Nieto Rises March.
August 15: KPFA “La Onda Bajita” Radio interview.
August 17: San Francisco Chronicle publishes “Death only a part of family’s suffering” By Caille Millner. https://www.sfchronicle.com/living/article/Death-only-a-part-of-family-s-suffering-5691839.php
August 19: The American Federation of Teachers Local 2121 endorses the Alex Nieto Rises! March.
August 22: Alex Nieto Rises! March from Bernal Heights to SF Federal Building to submit federal civil action against San Francisco for the wrongful death of Alex Nieto.
September 8: Amor for Alex Nieto speaks to Mission Graduates College Program.
September 13: Amor for Alex Nieto responds to SF Medical Examiner Report.
September 21: “EDUCATORS FOR ALEX NIETO AT 5:00 P.M., BERNAL HEIGHTS PARK.”
October 12: National Public Radio Publishes “The Shooting of Alex Nieto” By MARYAM JAMEEL. https://www.npr.org/2014/10/10/355178235/the-shooting-of-alex-nieto
October 22: National Day Against Police Violence, MECHA invited Amor for Alex Nieto to speak against arming CCSF Police.
November 3: In San Francisco Mission, “Dia de Los Muertos” procession led by Amor for Alex Nieto.
November 14: Amor for Alex Nieto distributes literature and speaks at the Keith Haring Political Line Art Party at the De Young Museum, San Francisco.
November 21: Burritos on Bernal Heights Community Meeting.
December 6: Universal Zulu Nation invites Amor for Alex Nieto to speak at “Meeting of the Minds” at Mission Cultural Center.
December 13: Millions March: More than ten thousand people gather to protest police killings of Brown and Black people and march through downtown San Francisco and stage a mass “Die-In” on the streets. End march at City Hall, where Amor for Alex Nieto speaks.
December 22: Amor for Alex Nieto Posada March and Celebration from 24th and Mission to Bernal Heights.
January 2: Officers names released to public. Amor for Alex Nieto responds on news.
January 5: Amor for Alex responds to officers’ names being released. Press conference statement.
January 7: Poor People’s Radio interview about gentrification and its role in the killing of Alex Nieto.
January 17: Filming of “Amor for Alex” on Bernal Heights by Rafael Flores and Ephraim Walker.
January 25: Lowrider flyering for Amor for Alex. Over 200 lowriders attend. San Fran.
February 13: Community responds at 850 Bryant Hall of Justice to SF District Attorney not filing charges against police who killed Alex Nieto. https://todobododown.com/2015/02/14/the-real-news-about-alex-nieto-analysis-and-evaluation-of-the-san-francisco-district-attorneys-report-deciding-not-to-file-criminal-charges-against-san-francisco-police-officers-who-killed-a/?fbclid=IwAR24AIkrCDVnyilojL6pP0M3B_Rnpj3UvviEgL1Z-nVA1jEGP956i1fxHDI/
March 5: Amor for Alex presentation at De Anza College, Cupertino, CA.
March 21: 1st Anniversary of Alex Nieto’s killing. Procession from Bernal Heights to Mission Cultural Center for premiere of sold out film “Amor for Alex.” Hundreds of lowriders from all over Northern California attend. Thousands fill the Mission streets. AJ+ International News and many other media attend. The film ultimately wins the following awards: Silver Award – 2016 International Independent Film Awards
Award of Recognition for Social Justice Cinema – 2016 Indie Film Fest Awards
Headliner – 2016 Tribe City Film Festival. San Francisco, CA
Official Selection – 2016 Chicano International Film Festival (Los Angeles, CA)
Official Selection – 2015 Indie Night Film Festival. Chinese Theater, Hollywood, CA
Official Selection – 2015 Matatu Film Film Festival. Oakland, CA
Exhibition – 2015 Mission Cultural Center for Latino Arts. San Francisco, CA
Exhibition – 2016 Google Black History Month Cinema Showcase.
Amor for Alex film:
Amor for Alex film premiere at Mission Cultural Center:
March 26: Voices Facing Police Violence Poetry Reading at City College of San Francisco.
April 14: National Day Against Police Violence. High school students walk out and hundreds shut down SF City Hall to shouts of “Alex Nieto Lives!”
May 2: University of California, Berkeley presentation. UCSF medical students and Cal Hermanos Unidos attend.
May 3: Amor for Alex booth at Cinco de Mayo at John O’Connell High School, SFM.
May 14: State of Emergency Poetry at Galeria de la Raza, SFM.
May 23 and 24: 5th Annual Barrio Bushido/Amor for Alex Community Booth at Carnaval. Thousands visit and pick up flyers, learn about Amor for Alex Nieto, purchase t-shirts, posters, and post promises to uplift community.
June 11: HOMEY SF invites Amor for Alex presentation at their 15th year anniversary.
June 18: Amor for Alex keynote presentation at Alameda County Office of Education High School Graduation Commencement.
June 22: Amor for Alex celebrates Father’s Day at Bernal Heights.
July 3: Filming of Favi Estrella’s “Cruising with You” at La Raza Park, SFM. Hundreds attend. Song and video dedicated to Alex Nieto.
July 11: Community celebration of the purchase and placement of Alex Nieto’s headstone at his grave. Colma.
July 25: Amor for Alex represents at First African Methodist Church, Oakland, CA.
August 12: Loco Bloco Youth perform a docu-theater presenting the impact that Alex Nieto’s murder by SFPD has had on youth of color in San Francisco.
August 23: Janelle Monae and Jidenna perform on 24th Street, SFM. Amor for Alex Nieto hosts. https://missionlocal.org/2015/08/pop-artist-janelle-monae-leads-mission-march-against-police-violence/ and
September 13: Amor for Alex at Freedom Festival, SF Golden Gate Park.
September 28: Amor for Alex supports Amilcar Perez Lopez at 850 Bryant Hall of Justice, SF.
October 10: Amor for Alex at Chata Gutierrez Mural Celebration, SFM.
October: Lowrider Lawyers: Putting a City on Trial script written and developed to tell true story of Alex Nieto’s killing and to battle mainstream media propaganda.
November 1: Some scenes for Lowrider Lawyers shot in SFM.
November 2: Dia de los Muertos Procession with Amor for Alex, SFM.
November 9: Summary Judgment Motion to dismiss case denied. Amor and Victory Rally at Federal Courts building. Under sworn testimony neutral witness swears Alex Nieto never pointed a taser.
November 21: Filming of Lowrider Lawyers at location in Hayward, CA. All actors, actresses, equipment, filming, directing, writing, etc. donated/ volunteered for Amor for Alex Nieto.
December 3: Amor for Alex supports and grieves for Mario Woods. Builds coalition with the San Francisco African American community.
December 8: Amor for Alex film and Lowrider Lawyers trailer presentation at Balboa High School, San Fran. Building, networking with high school teachers and students.
December 19: Flyering through SFM for premiere of Lowrider Lawyers.
December 31: Lowrider Lawyers in depth discussion on air “Connecting the Dots” 89.5 from 100 to 200 pm and on “Hard Knock Radio” 94.1.
January 3: Lowrider Lawyers: Putting a City on Trial premieres at the Brava Theater. Because we simply would not accept the mainstream media’s manipulations and the ridiculous police narrative, we created the film Lowrider Lawyers: Putting a City on Trial! This is authentic education in action, homes, and now they cannot dismiss us because our truth is more powerful than theirs! We must continue to use the writing, art, and positive locura vehicles to transform our world. We cannot expect anyone else to do it except for us, for ourselves, and for our future generations. https://www.sfexaminer.com/news/nieto-case-to-head-to-trial-with-contradictory-stories-from-witness-police/ and
January 6: A Solidarity Night March between Mission and Bayview communities unite to fight against police brutality and unlawful killings.
January 14: Lowrider Lawyers: Putting a City on Trial encore at the Brava Theater. Sold out show.
January 18: Lowrider Lawyers: Putting a City on Trial released on Youtube for free to general public and shown throughout Bay Area at community centers and educational institutions.
January 26: Unprecedented unanimous San Francisco Board of Supervisors resolution adopted–requesting the United States Department of Justice to investigate the police killings of Alex Nieto, Amilcar Perez Lopez, and Mario Woods.
January 31: Amor for Alex Nieto and other coalitions rally at Union Square, SF.
February 22: Casting Call for “On the Hill: I am Alex Nieto” a play created by Paul Flores.
February 23: Lowrider Lawyers: Putting a City on Trial screened at San Francisco State University.
February 24: “Amor for Alex” Rally Song created by Francisco Herrera.
February 25: Walkouts for Alex Nieto trial being organized by high school and college students in San Francisco.
February 26: March to Mission Police Station and rally.
February 27: Flyering and marketing and wheatpasting and freeway banner droppings for Trial.
February 29: Projection activists display Amor for Alex Nieto images on Federal building.
March 1: The Trial: Rally, Mass school walkouts in support of Alex Nieto: https://todobododown.com/2016/03/02/day-one-the-trial-alex-nieto-versus-the-sfpd/?fbclid=IwAR0rb6KvKscTo12YU0i8JZV3mgQtrR2_Q9crDVHCzVvJHxoms7ENrmm9j3g/
March 9: The Trial: Closing arguments: https://todobododown.com/2016/03/10/the-trial-alex-nieto-versus-the-sfpd-closing-arguments-community-creativity-victory/?fbclid=IwAR3J2jEhOLEv72ObWuFw9MyfUg0V54zReorPoMM6XJypox4RhdvecO0pu9c/
March 10: Trial ends. Despite overwhelming evidence against them, mostly white jury with no African American or Latinos decides to acquit police officers. At the Mission Cultural Center, community responds by celebrating the life of Alex Nieto and vows to gain justice and love for Alex Nieto.
March 11: Publication of “A Letter to Privileged People.” https://todobododown.com/2016/03/11/a-letter-to-privileged-people/
March 18: Black and Brown Unity against Police Impunity Historic Rally at SF City Hall. https://todobododown.com/2016/03/19/black-and-brown-unity-against-police-impunity-historic-rally-at-sf-city-hall-3/?fbclid=IwAR2EagNLRg3xqtlV-w7UuWSNooroGV0TzrTSK1M0_BvRuaw1VjbGe6x99iA/
March 21: 2nd Year Angelversary of Alex Nieto’s killing. Hundreds of community members join together at Mission Cultural Center. Leaders speak. Alex is honored even in the Bronx, New York City. https://wagingnonviolence.org/2016/03/nyc-remember-alex-nieto-killed-by-police/
March 21: International newspaper “The Guardian” publishes “Death by Gentrification” by acclaimed author Rebecca Solnit. Article will be reprinted in books Tales of Two Americas and Call Them by Their True Names. Will be used as instructional curriculum in college courses throughout the United States. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/mar/21/death-by-gentrification-the-killing-that-shamed-san-francisco
March 24: In San Francisco’s Bay View, marriage of Black and Brown Communities against Police Impunity.
March 25: Renowned international singer Chuck Prophet releases song “Alex Nieto.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AYyyZHnR7d8
March 29: Amor for Alex Nieto speaks at San Francisco State University for Cesar Chavez Day.
April 13: Battle Cry of The People Enough is Enough at City Hall.
April 15: 1st 415 Day at Mission Dolores Park. Amor for Alex represents. https://missionlocal.org/2016/04/locals-flock-to-dolores-park-to-celebrate-415/
April 21: Frisco Five begin hunger strike. The Frisco Five, also known as #Frisco5 are a group of protesters who went on hunger strike on April 21, 2016 in San Francisco, California in front of the San Francisco Police Department Mission Station to demonstrate against episodes of police brutality, use-of-force violations, and racial biasspecifically the deaths of Alex Nieto on March 21, 2014, Mario Woods on December 2, 2015, Amilcar Perez Lopez on February 26, 2015, and Luis Gongora on April 7, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisco_Five
April 23: Amor for Alex Nieto marches at SFM Cesar Chavez Parade.
May 1: In support of Frisco Five Hunger Strikers, Lowriders occupy Mission Police Station. http://theguardsman.com/lowriders-occupy-mission-police-station/
May 4: Frisco Five Hunger Strikers and thousands more march to SF City Hall. Storm Board of Supervisors Meeting.
May 7: Frisco Five ends hunger strike. Activists occupy SF City Hall.
May 9: Organized by Amor for Alex, all day general strike at SF City Hall. We picketed in front of the entrances and made a human chain walking around city hall 18 times in honor of the Frisco Five hunger strikers, for every day they went without food. Many wore black and red in honor of Alex Nieto. Unprecedented action of amor.
May 11: Press conference of lawyers and leaders demanding California Attorney General Kamala Harris investigate the SFPD.
May 19: The people fire SFPD Chief Suhr, the head of one of the most powerful police forces on Earth. https://todobododown.com/2016/05/20/the-people-fired-sfpd-chief-suhr/?fbclid=IwAR2XgmHKGLpl6GMLv3sONjGuBvqvvDEQt5GNIF6Goj5x7ifgOQouEIzSvbQ/
May 28 and 29: Carnaval: 6th Annual Barrio Bushido/Amor for Alex Community Booth. https://todobododown.com/2016/05/29/community-power-and-poetry-at-san-fran-carnaval-2016/?fbclid=IwAR0mSnJRSbgfguxasqJr7HNGOpPmKAx0P4o8NozHTp8fKwF2n86wQ4mAWhk/
June 18: Amor for Alex receives Community Justice Warrior Award from La Raza Centro Legal.
July 20: Amor for Alex presents at the Bay Area Video Coalition with Black Panther Artist Emory Ivory
July 28: Amor for Alex Nieto and other coalitions reject San Francisco’s Human Rights Commission’s Hero Award. Smash the award on board floor. http://eltecolote.org/content/en/features/tempers-flare-at-activism-awards-ceremony/
August 14: Colin Kaepernick, San Francisco 49ers quarterback begins protest. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/15/sports/nfl-colin-kaepernick-protests-timeline.html
August 26: March in support of Amilcar Perez Lopez Coalition.
September: Amor for Alex Nieto unites coalitions and strategizes to officially install the first ever memorial dedicated to someone killed by the police in the United States.
September 9: Lowrider Lawyers Film packed at the Bernal Film Festival.
September 13: San Francisco City Hall “Amor for Alex Nieto Memorial Resolution” sponsored by SF Board of Supervisors Avalos and David Campos.
September 29: Amor for Alex Nieto’s Ben Bac Sierra chosen to moderate debate of SF Board of Supervisor District Nine Candidates.
October: Obtaining thousands of signatures for official Amor for Alex Nieto Memorial.
October: Josue Rojas, executive director of Accion Latina and renowned artist, commissioned to develop Amor for Alex Memorial.
October 27: On the Hill: I am Alex Nieto a play written and directed by Paul Flores at Brava Theater. Sold out show.
October 29: On the Hill: I am Alex Nieto at Brava Theater. Pachanga poets perform. Sold out show. On the Hill will tour Northern California theaters and college campuses. https://www.pri.org/stories/2016-07-07/how-artists-san-francisco-are-keeping-questionable-police-killing-young-latino and http://theguardsman.com/alex-nieto-review/
November 2: Amor for Alex Nieto leads Dia de los Muertos Procession in SFM.
November 3: On the Hill: I am Alex Nieto at CCSF Mission Campus.
November 27: Flyering and marketing through Mission for Amor for Alex Nieto Memorial.
November 28: Townhall meeting at Bernal Heights Center for Amor for Alex Nieto Memorial.
December 7: Amor for Alex Nieto joins with Black Lives Matter at City College of San Francisco.
December 12: The Office of Citizens Complaints found that Roger Morse, one of the police officers who shot and killed Nieto in 2014, acted inappropriately when he commented on a news story posted on Facebook in reference to the slain man. https://missionlocal.org/2016/12/sf-officer-involved-in-shooting-could-face-discipline-for-facebook-comment/
December 13: Amor for Alex Nieto Memorial approved by San Francisco Board of Supervisors 11-1. First ever memorial in the United States that will be dedicated to a victim of a police killing. https://missionlocal.org/2016/12/sf-board-approves-memorial-for-alex-nieto-shot-by-sfpd/?fbclid=IwAR2EeOkTvppjq__rx0-ky0SYH36teIecS5_jPvstQ_jQXFC0tIVrDo0ySao
December 18: Filming of “Tonight We Ride” by Equipto and Michael Marshall. Amor for Alex organizes lowriders and we took over the streets. SFM. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QGQkIGcARMs
December 21: Amor for Alex Nieto Memorial Celebration on Bernal Heights.
February 3: On the Hill performed in Oakland, CA.
February 10: At Golden Gate University School of Law moderating discussion about police brutality and unlawful killings.
March 21: “Amor for Alex Now and Forever Memorial Concert,” Tuesday, March 21, 2017 at 7:30 p.m. at the Brava Theater!
May 27 and 28: Carnaval 7th annual: https://todobododown.com/2017/06/06/the-7th-annual-barrio-bushido-amor-for-alex-san-fran-mission-carnaval-booth/?fbclid=IwAR2kFmeTbMWaTIvtIXUdrzNRN1bCmL_M4aWht19wZ4Z4WinYubMma-Fj5rU/
July 21: Amor for Alex Memorial fundraiser at Yerba Buena Center, SF.
August 7: At Lunada Poetry Reading at Galeria de la Raza, activists confront police on the street:
August 26: Frisco Resistance and other coalitions fight against facism. Leads over 15,000 people in San Francisco rally and march.
September 15: Lowrider fundraiser show at City College of San Francisco. DACA VIDA students and Amor For Alex Nieto!!
October 1: All Amor for Alex Nieto at the first annual Alex Nieto Run.
December 5: Meeting on Bernal Heights with Arts Commission and Recreation and Parks Departments.
2018 to 2020:
In honor of Alex Nieto, King of the Streets Lowrider Show 2018 held at City College of San Francisco. Thousands of lowriders and visitors attend.
In honor of Alex Nieto, King of the Streets Lowrider Show 2019 held at City College of San Francisco. Thousands of lowriders and visitors attend.
Accion Latina Executive Director Josue Rojas develops international caliber art for memorial. Josue Rojas, Lauren Aviles, Oscar Aguilar, and Twick are invited to be the others artists on the project.
Hillary Ronen’s office helps facilitate process for memorial.
Art Commission approves art. The following is the actual art project approved: https://sfgov.org/arts/sites/default/files/190116_6_Alex%20Nieto%20Memorial_final.pdf
Murals spring up throughout the Mission of Alex Nieto.
Fundraising for memorial continues.
Carnaval 2018: https://todobododown.com/2018/05/28/memorial-day/
Sept 16, 2019. Free the Children Protest and Rally https://todobododown.com/2019/09/10/i-find-it-in-you/
2019: Recreation and Parks approves memorial. Plaque language approved: https://goldengatexpress.org/88292/latest/news/nieto/ Against the violence and injustice of 59 bullets, family and grassroots community arose as a movement to promote the positive spirit and defend the honor of a beloved young man, Alex Nieto, who was killed by the police.
June 13, 2019: Alex Nieto cited in Mother Jones article about film The Last Black Man in San Francisco https://www.motherjones.com/media/2019/06/the-last-black-man-in-san-franciscos-walking-tour-of-a-lost-city/
November 9, 2019: Chesa Boudin elected as San Francisco District Attorney. He ran on a platform to prosecute police officers who unlawfully kill people. This platform would have been impossible to imagine before Alex Nieto and the other movements.
November 17, 2019: Amilcar Perez Lopez Mural unveiled on 24th and Capp. http://currentsf.com/justice4amilcar-mural/ and
Father Richard Leslie Smith speaks: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3gjsow63hM&t=41s
January 2020: Contract disputes with San Francisco. For Amor for Alex Memorial, Brooke Oliver, internationally renowned art attorney, develops new contracts for artists which will protect their rights, give community control over their own art, and the contract will now be standard for all future art community projects.
January 22, 2020: “Palestinians Paint Murals in Jerusalem, Looking Israeli Occupation in the Eye” https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium.MAGAZINE-palestinians-paint-murals-in-jerusalem-looking-israeli-occupation-in-the-eye-1.8432865?fbclid=IwAR3pHMebeAEFSDpPHjO5l5scNmuPawGx_o1x-0CY6AtorWFw85PJyUy8EGI
2020: 48 Hills Writes Article about Alex Nieto: https://48hills.org/2020/07/finally-a-monument-to-a-victim-of-police-violence/
2021: Benjamin Bac Sierra continues to share Amor in Honor of Alex Nieto: San Francisco Examiner Article: Benjamin Bac Sierra: From San Pancho with Amor https://www.sfexaminer.com/news-columnists/benjamin-bac-sierra-from-san-pancho-with-amor/
This list replaces the previous list that was found here: https://todobododown.com/2020/03/21/amor-for-alex-actions-a-comprehensive-listing/